Bone and Mineral

Our specialty physicians focus on the metabolic dysfunction of the body’s hormones and natural minerals that can lead to bone disease, kidney disease and other serious conditions. Our team provides expertise in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of various bone and mineral disorders, including osteoporosis, recurrent kidney stones and more.

How do bone and mineral disorders develop?

The body’s endocrine system produces, metabolizes and regulates the function of hormones and minerals required for everyday health. Natural minerals regulated within the body include calcium, iron, salt, vitamins and other important substances. When this system of hormones and minerals stops working correctly, certain conditions and diseases may develop.

What kind of diagnostic tests might I need?

To receive a diagnosis, you may be asked to schedule a physical examination as well as a blood and urine test. Diagnostic studies may also include biochemical profile tests, bone density tests and radiographic studies such as x-rays, bone scans and biopsies.

Common bone and mineral disorders


A condition in which the natural small holes in bones become larger. This change in the natural construction of bones can produce pain and lead to bone fractures and breaks. Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases among aging women and men.


This condition causes a softening of bones, usually from a vitamin D deficiency. Osteomalacia may cause bone pain and muscle weakness, which leads to bone fractures.


The parathyroid glands in the neck produce parathyroid hormone which regulates calcium levels in the body. In this condition, calcium blood levels are too high, causing kidney stones, nervous system problems, stomach ulcers or pancreatitis.

Paget’s disease of bone

Healthy bone metabolism involves a natural process that works to break down old bone and build up new bone. When this process stops working right, Paget’s Disease of Bone develops. This condition may cause bone and joint pain and lead to fragile bones.

Kidney stones

When calcium levels become too high, recurring kidney stones may develop. Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that are painfully passed through the urinary tract.